Thumbnail Previews for Quarto Websites (for Dummies)

A short note on turning on Twitter Cards for my Quarto blog.
quarto
markdown
how-to
Author

Cynthia Huang

Published

August 15, 2022

Modified

February 9, 2024

Screenshot of the About Twitter Cards documentation page on Twitter's Development Platform

Screenshot of the About Twitter Cards documentation page on Twitter’s Development Platform

So, I almost spent an hour preparing the tweet for my latest blog post1. Why? Because I wanted the tweet to show a preview of the blog post, but no matter how many times I copy and pasted the link, no preview appeared. Thus, I had no choice but to go down the rabbit hole of trying to Google how to do something without knowing what that something is called…

Twitter Cards?

I started by searching blogdown image default, because:

  • there’s way more Blogdown content out in the wild than Quarto (for now..) and,
  • my mission started from a stubborn (and not at all time-efficient) refusal to separately upload the thumbnail image of my blog post to Twitter.

Unfortunately, this search yielded nothing useful… so I resorted to snooping the .html source code and Github repo of the wonderful A quarto tip a day website:

Screenshot of a page from "A Quarto Tip a Day" website, with the source code inspector pane open in the bottom half of the screenshot.

I managed to eventually work out that the preview things I wanted to make appear were called Twitter Cards. So I turned them on… or so I thought. I edited my Quarto project metadata (_quarto.yml), pushed the changes to my GitHub repo, refreshed my Netlify hosted website multiple times, but still no Twitter Card

Social Metadata Options!

Long story short, I needed to do BOTH of the following:

  1. Include my website URL in _quarto.yml:
website:
  site-url: https://www.cynthiahqy.com

You can publish your website without including the site-url: option (I know because I did that), but quarto render won’t produce robots.txt or sitemap.xml for you, and your image links won’t be properly prepended:

  1. Turn on Social Metadata options in _quarto.yml

Quarto very helpfully includes tools for generating the metadata required by Twitter to generate preview cards. However, you need to turn those tools on:

website:
  site-url: https://www.cynthiahqy.com
  open-graph: true
  twitter-card:
    creator: "@cynthiahqy"

Combining the two steps above added the appropriate <meta property> tags into the .html output files rendered by Quarto:

Resources and References

A quick reference for the social metadata options can be found in the Reference/Projects/Websites section of the Quarto official docs, but the examples in Guide/Websites/Social Metadata are much easier to understand.

The Getting started with Cards guide on the Twitter Developer Platform helped me understand the difference between the site: and creator: YAML options. Basically, use site: for “Website Attribution” of the publisher (e.g."@nytimes"), and creator for the individual user who created the content inside the card (e.g. "@cynthiahqy").

If you want to preview how your link will appear you can use the Open Graph preview tool.

Make your own Quarto Blog

If you are interested in using Quarto to make your own blog, a good place to start is Bea Milz’s blog post Creating a blog with Quarto in 10 steps.

Epilogue: More Adventures in Quarto and Website Debugging

Screenshot of the Twitter compose box with a link in the body of the tweet and a preview of the link showing a placeholder image instead of the intended feature image.

As I went to share this post on twitter, I found the card was being generated but the image I wanted use didn’t show up… leading me to another convoluted troubleshooting session. I tried:

  • changing the featured image to a different one
  • changing the name of the featured image file
  • doing all sorts of card debugging fixes suggested by the Internet.

But it turned out it wasn’t a metadata issue. Quarto hadn’t copied the image file over into my output directory (_site/ by default), so the image wasn’t being hosted on website to be shown in a twitter card. I think the underlying issue was that I had left the draft: true option on, which apparently means images don’t get copied over, not just that the post wont be shown in listings.

In any case, removing that option fixed the issue, and thus continues the saga of learning website design through the convenient but somewhat opaque framework of Quarto website projects.

Footnotes

  1. The post is about teaching R Markdown using iframes and interaction HTML slides. Check it out!↩︎

Citation

BibTeX citation:
@online{huang2022,
  author = {Huang, Cynthia},
  title = {Thumbnail {Previews} for {Quarto} {Websites} (for {Dummies)}},
  date = {2022-08-15},
  url = {https://www.cynthiahqy.com/posts/twitter-card-quarto},
  langid = {en}
}
For attribution, please cite this work as:
Huang, Cynthia. 2022. “Thumbnail Previews for Quarto Websites (for Dummies).” August 15, 2022. https://www.cynthiahqy.com/posts/twitter-card-quarto.